Council for Science and Technology (CST) was established on the March 2003. Initially the secretariat team had been functioning as division under the Permanent Secretary and Chaired by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) Minister. The core mandate is to facilitate science and technology research and innovation in MAF. CST endorses all the achievement of the MAF research outcomes.

In 2008 the secretariat unit was moved to NAFRI and become passive for couple of years.

In 2013 The Leader of The MAF foreseen the important of the CST and it was re-activated again and the secretariat unit became equivalent to the Department level which has manage independently and chair by MAF Minister.